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Additional Information 

 

Multi-Year Overview 

According to IFRS    

INCOME STATEMENT FIGURES

Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Sales € million 1,162.1 1,220.4 1,164.5 1,294.2 1,373.9 1,514.7 1,494.8 1,452.9 1,543.4 1,483.8
Personnel expenses € million 465.2 494.3 510.5 550.7 593.4 685.5 677.6 705.4 765.9 762.6
Amortization/depreciation of tangible and intangible assets € million 59.7 59.2 66.3 55.1 79.9 63.8 196.5 130.3 125.1 233.1
Adjusted operating income € million 157.6 158.7 147.2 185.0 187.7 187.4 190.4 178.8 187.6 155.3
EBITDA € million 188.4 192.0 159.1 200.4 223.2 194.1 225.4 202.2 231.2 183.1
Operating income € million 125.6 128.9 88.9 141.4 138.9 129.4 26.5 68.0 104.2 – 55.2
Income from participations € million 3.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.4 1.0 2.4 4.0 2.0 5.2
EBIT € million 128.6 132.8 92.8 145.2 143.3 130.3 28.9 71.9 106.2 – 50.1
Income from ongoing business activity € million 104.2 113.0 75.5 124.8 125.6 108.2 4.2 47.6 87.9 – 62.8
Consolidated total income 1) € million 78.9 82.0 60.5 84.0 88.1 64.1 72.5 78.9 80.1 0.5
Tax ratio1) Percent 24.3 27.4 19.8 32.7 29.8 40.8 38.9 26.3 37.0 99.3

1) 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 do not take into account goodwill impairment

BALANCE SHEET FIGURES

Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Non-current assets € million 1,088.3 1,085.0 1,157.9 1,232.2 1,255.7 1,361.0 1,194.6 1,231.4 1,221.7 1,065.5
Current assets € million 382.5 361.6 363.5 417.7 489.9 518.8 501.8 536.1 620.6 655.4
Asset structure = Non-current assets/current assets Percent 284.5 300.1 318.5 295.0 256.3 262.3 238.0 229.7 196.9 162.6
Investments € million 73.7 101.5 106.7 89.6 77.3 177.8 118.4 99.7 108.6 102.1
of which tangible and intangible assets € million 49.2 50.5 49.0 48.6 62.7 70.7 80.4 89.2 94.1 71.0
of which financial assets € million 24.5 51.0 57.7 41.0 14.6 107.1 38.0 10.5 14.5 31.1
Equity € million 509.6 500.3 553.0 677.5 760.8 782.0 663.7 705.3 720.5 538.2
Liabilities € million 961.2 946.3 968.4 972.4 984.8 1,097.8 1,032.7 1,062.2 1,121.8 1,182.7
Total assets € million 1,470.8 1,446.6 1,521.4 1,649.9 1,745.6 1,879.8 1,696.4 1,767.4 1,842.3 1,720.9
Net debt € million – 472.9 – 481.5 – 499.8 – 428.5 – 363.9 – 461.8 – 427.5 – 393.1 – 400.0 – 381.6
CASH FLOW FIGURES

Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Cash flow from operating activity € million 168.1 145.8 134.7 172.0 170.5 115.0 164.0 196.9 170.9 146.2
Cash flow from investing activity € million – 64.6 – 100.4 – 104.4 – 86.2 – 72.9 – 177.4 – 117.5 – 98.9 – 76.3 – 71.4
Cash flow from financing activity € million – 112.9 – 46.4 – 26.2 – 76.9 – 49.0 22.8 – 31.5 – 75.5 – 59.4 – 32.1
Free cash flow € million 118.9 95.4 85.7 123.4 107.9 44.3 83.7 107.7 76.8 75.2

 

PROFITABILITY RATIOS

Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AOI margin = Adjusted operating income/sales Percent 13.6 13.0 12.6 14.3 13.7 12.4 12.7 12.3 12.2 10.5
EBITDA margin = EBITDA/sales Percent 16.2 15.7 13.7 15.5 16.2 12.8 15.1 13.9 15.0 12.3
EBIT margin = EBIT/sales Percent 11.1 10.9 8.0 11.2 10.4 8.6 1.9 5.0 6.9 – 3.4
Return on sales = Consolidated total income1)/sales Percent 6.8 6.7 5.2 6.5 6.4 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2 0.0
Personnel expenses ratio = Personnel expenses/sales Percent 40.0 40.5 43.8 42.6 43.2 45.3 45.3 48.5 49.6 51.4
ROCE = Adjusted EBIT/average net capital employed Percent 12.5 12.8 9.7 14.1 14.0 11.9 8.8 10.2 9.4 – 4.9
Total return on capital employed = EBIT/average total assets Percent 8.7 9.1 6.3 9.2 8.4 7.2 1.6 4.2 5.9 – 2.8
Pay-out ratio = Total dividends/consolidated total income1) Percent 20.5 20.2 17.8 20.7 26.9 37.0 32.7 30.1 29.6 0.0

1) 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 do not take into account goodwill impairment

KEY INDICATORS PER SHARE

Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Earnings per share 1) 2) 1.98 2.04 1.42 1.99 2.06 1.43 1.66 1.79 2.09 – 0.10
Free cash flow per share 1) 3.33 2.66 2.38 3.43 2.96 1.21 2.29 2.95 2.10 2.06
Dividend per share 0.45 0.46 0.30 0.48 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.00
Total dividends € million 16.1 16.5 10.8 17.4 23.7 23.7 23.7 23.7 23.7 0.0
Dividend return Percent 1.64 2.09 1.24 1.28 2.12 1.68 1.61 1.91 2.10 0.0
Year-end share price 1) 27.50 22.02 24.13 37.60 30.63 38.59 40.31 34.00 30.90 43.39
Weighted number of shares 1,000 units 35,682 35,884 35,947 35,967 36,407 36,504 36,504 36,504 36,504 36,504

1) Adjusted for capital increase
2) 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 do not take into account goodwill impairment

NET DEBT RATIOS

Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Net debt to
equity (gearing) Percent 92.8 96.2 90.4 63.2 47.8 59.1 64.4 55.7 55.5 70.9
EBIT Percent 367.5 362.6 538.6 295.0 253.9 354.3 1,478.7 546.4 376.8 – 762.2
EBITDA Percent 251.0 250.8 314.2 213.8 163.1 237.9 189.7 194.4 173.0 208.5
free cash flow (= dynamic debt to equity ratio) Years 4.0 5.1 5.8 3.5 3.4 10.4 5.1 3.6 5.2 5.1
SALES BY SECTORS AND REGIONS

Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Sectors (old structure until 2011)
Custom Research € million 773.0 782.8 709.2 785.6 829.2
Retail and Technology € million 260.8 304.1 325.8 370.8 407.0
Media € million 124.5 130.1 126.4 133.1 132.9
Sectors (new structure from 2012)
Consumer Experiences € million 829.2 907.8 881.3 826.0 859.1 803.0
Consumer Choices € million 539.8 601.6 607.8 623.6 681.1 680.3
Regions (old structure until 2011)
Germany € million 290.3 316.1 301.3 340.8 376.6
Western Europe/Middle East/Africa € million 480.5 487.2 458.1 483.0 520.5
Central and Eastern Europe € million 73.1 87.2 71.7 89.7 97.6
North America € million 240.7 219.7 207.2 219.3 200.3
Latin America € million 26.7 35.5 39.4 54.9 59.4
Asia and the Pacific € million 50.8 74.8 86.9 106.5 119.5
Regions (new structure from 2012)
Northern Europe € million 596.3 622.4 607.7 574.9 575.6 537.4
Southern and Western Europe € million 280.4 282.1 272.6 265.4 267.0 269.8
Central Eastern Europe/META € million 118.0 121.8 127.7 127.5 126.5 127.9
North America € million 200.3 266.8 265.9 263.0 321.0 289.8
Latin America € million 59.4 66.6 66.5 61.2 67.9 69.7
Asia and the Pacific € million 119.5 155.0 154.4 161.0 185.4 189.3
ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME OF SECTORS

Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Sectors (old structure until 2011)
Custom Research € million 66.1 56.0 39.5 63.2 65.0
Retail and Technology € million 67.3 82.6 95.8 113.9 123.5
Media € million 25.7 23.8 16.6 15.6 10.8
Sectors (new structure from 2012)
Consumer Experiences € million 63.3 58.9 58.6 57.6 58.9 54.0
Consumer Choices € million 136.0 139.3 144.4 137.7 145.0 114.6
NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES AT YEAR-END

Unit 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total number Employees 9,070 9,692 10,058 10,546 11,457 12,678 12,940 13,380 13,485 13,069
Sectors (old structure until 2011)
Custom Research Employees 5,632 5,876 5,837 6,018 6,594
Retail and Technology Employees 2,458 2,757 3,224 3,507 3,768
Media Employees 559 594 552 554 612
Other Employees 421 465 445 467 483
Sectors (new structure from 2012)
Consumer Experiences Employees 6,578 7,180 7,125 6,229 5,892 5,677
Consumer Choices Employees 4,396 5,002 5,287 5,327 5,828 5,620
Other Employees 483 496 528 1,824 1,765 1,772
General